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Osteoporosis is a skeletal disease that causes bones to weaken and therefore increase the risk of fracture. These fractures are the most important consequence of osteoporosis and are a major health problem in the elderly. The combination of low bone mass, skeletal fragility, and increased risk of falling are the main determinants of fracture risk. Predisposing factors for osteoporosis include

-female gender
-postmenopausal women
-low calcium and vitamin D levels
-decreased physical activity
-small body frame
-cigarette and/or alcohol uses
-family history

Performing a quick and painless bone density evaluation with a DEXA machine makes the diagnosis of osteoporosis.